Carfilzomib lenalidomide and dexamethasone (KRd) is FDA-approved for the treatment relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) based on data from the ASPIRE study (Stewart K et al. NEJM 2015). Thalidomide, a first generation immunomodulatory drug (IMiD) is less costly than lenalidomide and is synergistic in combination with proteasome inhibitors in the treatment of MM. ALLG MM018/ AMN003 is an open label phase II study of carfilzomib thalidomide and dexamethasone (KTd) for patients with RRMM. The primary end point is progression free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints include overall response rate (ORR), duration of response (DOR), safety and health related quality of life.

Conclusion:

This preliminary analysis demonstrates that the KTd combination is a tolerable regimen for patients with RRMM with a safety profile in line with previous reports for each of carfilzomib and thalidomide. Initial response rates appear very promising and durable with responses up to 13.7 months thus far in some patients. Patient accrual is ongoing.

Authors:

Hang Quach, MD, FRACP, FRCPA, MBBS, Simon J. Harrison, MBBS, MRCP, FRCPath, FRACP, PhD, Slavisa Ninkovic, MBBS FRACP FRCPA, Jane Estell, MBBS FRACP, Noemi Horvath, MBBS FRACP FRCPA, Nick Murphy, MBBS FRACP FRCPA, Richard Eek, MBCHB, Bradley Augustson, MBBS FRACP FRCPA, Philip Campbell, MBBS, FRACP, FRCPA, Rajeev Rajagopal, Akash Kalro, MD, Robyn Hemme, Belinda Butcher, BSc(Hons) MBiostat PhD CMPP AStat, Tracey Gerber, Peter Mollee, FRACP, FRCPA, MBBS, MMSc, Brian GM Durie, MD and Wee-Joo Chng, MBBS, PhD, FRCPath, FRCP

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