Revised International Staging System for Multiple Myeloma: A Report From International Myeloma Working Group
The clinical outcome of multiple myeloma (MM) is heterogeneous. A simple and reliable tool is needed to stratify patients with MM. We combined the International Staging System (ISS) with chromosomal abnormalities (CA) detected by interphase fluorescent in situ hybridization after CD138 plasma cell purification and serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) to evaluate their prognostic value in newly diagnosed MM (NDMM).
Antonio Palumbo, Herv Avet-Loiseau, Stefania Oliva, Henk M. Lokhorst, Hartmut Goldschmidt, Laura Rosinol, Paul Richardson, Simona Caltagirone, Juan Jos Lahuerta, Thierry Facon, Sara Bringhen, Francesca Gay, Michel Attal, Roberto Passera, Andrew Spencer, Massimo Offidani, Shaji Kumar, Pellegrino Musto, Sagar Lonial, Maria T. Petrucci, Robert Z. Orlowski, Elena Zamagni, Gareth Morgan, Meletios A. Dimopoulos, Brian G.M. Durie, Kenneth C. Anderson, Pieter Sonneveld, Jesus San Miguel, Michele Cavo, S. Vincent Rajkumar and Philippe Moreau
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