What Is Multiple Myeloma?

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what is mm?

What Is Multiple Myeloma?

A cancer of the bone marrow plasma cells
Multiple myeloma is a cancer of the bone marrow plasma cells. It is synonymous with "myeloma" and "plasma cell myeloma." Plasma cells make antibodies against infectious agents such as viruses and bacteria. A cancerous or malignant plasma cell is called a myeloma cell. Myeloma is called “multiple” because there are frequently multiple patches or areas in bone marrow where it grows.
Who Gets Multiple Myeloma
130,000
new cases are diagnosed yearly, worldwide.
Is 2X's
more likely to occur in people of African descent.
2nd
most common blood cancer in the world.
A bone cross-section depicting myeloma in the marrow.
Characteristics of Multiple Myeloma Plasma Cells

Myeloma is a cancer of the plasma cells in the bone marrow. The malignant plasma cells, or myeloma cells, accumulate in the bone marrow.

Plasmacytomas are localized tumors composed of plasma cells, which can grow inside bone (intramedullary) or outside bone (extramedullary or soft-tissue). When there are multiple plasmacytomas inside or outside bone, this condition is also called multiple myeloma. When patients with myeloma have disease outside the bone marrow, this is called “extramedullary disease” (EMD).

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glossary
Understanding Myeloma's Language

Learn all of the terms that are frequently used when living with and being treated for multiple myeloma.

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Light Stone
In 2018,
an estimated
124,733
people were living with myeloma in the U.S.
An estimated
32,110
new myeloma cases may be diagnosed in 2019.
Who Is at risk?
Men are
1.5 times more likely
to develop myeloma than women.
MM is most frequently diagnosed in
65-74
year olds.
Survivorship
Death rates have been falling
0.8% yearly
on average from 2004-2013.
Five-year survival rates have
increased
each year since 1975 when data was first made available.
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Resources & Support

Multiple myeloma is a disease that can often be treated successfully, and many patients live long and productive lives after being diagnosed. We are here to arm you with as much patient information as possible so that you can seek out the very best care, while working toward better treatments and a cure.

Learn about the largest scale population-based study of the precursor of multiple myeloma.

An update on Black Swan Research Initiative for 2019.


Source URL: http://www.myeloma.org/what-is-multiple-myeloma